As I discussed yesterday, I’m currently talking about the dependencies in John Graham Cummings, hncomments bash script. At the end of this I’m hoping that I have all the pieces that I can actually run this myself.
The recode tool, a utility I had never even heard of, converts files between various character sets. Given all the troubles I’ve had over the years with crawling the different app stores and encodings, I’m glad to learn about this.
If you’re on Linux then you can install recode with:
sudo apt-get install recode
If you’re on OSX then install recode with:
brew install recode
Use recode –help to get assistance (this is only a subset of the help):
recode --help Free `recode' converts files between various character sets and surfaces. Usage: recode [OPTION]... [ [CHARSET] | REQUEST [FILE]... ] If a long option shows an argument as mandatory, then it is mandatory for the equivalent short option also. Similarly for optional arguments. Listings: -l, --list[=FORMAT] list one or all known charsets and aliases -k, --known=PAIRS restrict charsets according to known PAIRS list -h, --header[=[LN/]NAME] write table NAME on stdout using LN, then exit -F, --freeze-tables write out a C module holding all tables -T, --find-subsets report all charsets being subset of others -C, --copyright display Copyright and copying conditions --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit Operation modes: -v, --verbose explain sequence of steps and report progress -q, --quiet, --silent inhibit messages about irreversible recodings -f, --force force recodings even when not reversible -t, --touch touch the recoded files after replacement -i, --sequence=files use intermediate files for sequencing passes --sequence=memory use memory buffers for sequencing passes -p, --sequence=pipe use pipe machinery for sequencing passes Fine tuning: -s, --strict use strict mappings, even loose characters -d, --diacritics convert only diacritics or alike for HTML/LaTeX -S, --source[=LN] limit recoding to strings and comments as for LN -c, --colons use colons instead of double quotes for diaeresis -g, --graphics approximate IBMPC rulers by ASCII graphics -x, --ignore=CHARSET ignore CHARSET while choosing a recoding path
If we go back to the source on hncomments then we can see how recode fits in:
jq -r ‘.hits . .author + “\nhttps://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=” + .objectID + “\n\n” + .comment_text + “\n\n—\n\n”’ <(echo $j) sed -e ‘s/<[^>]*>/ /g;’ recode -f html..ascii mail -s “Latest $q HN comments” $e
Here recode is taking the output from sed and converting it from html character encoding to ASCII.