My writing progress has slowed as of late while I have gone 100% heads down on learning Ansible. Ansible is a provisioning tool which lets you describe a machine or machines as well as how you want them configured. Ansible also offers an ad hoc mode where you can operate on a group of machines and execute a command or commands. These examples are based on an Ansible inventory file located in the directory inventories/ as follows:

file: inventories/production_actual

[web]
# format - english machinename   ssh host   ssh private key
web1  ansible_ssh_host=ec2-52-41-237-52.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com  ansible_ssh_private_key_file=/Users/sjohnson/.ssh/fi_nav_sitecrawl.pe

[db]

[log]

Note - in my actual inventory file there are machines in each group section.

Here are some examples:

Execute uptime against all machines in the inventories file with the user ubuntu:

**ansible all -i inventories/production_actual -u ubuntu -a "uptime"**
ec2-52-39-100-178.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
 17:09:56 up 36 days,  4:05,  4 users,  load average: 0.99, 1.00, 0.97

ec2-52-89-105-4.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
 17:10:06 up 23 days,  4:17,  2 users,  load average: 0.69, 0.53, 0.54

ec2-54-68-16-169.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
 17:11:43 up 22 days,  9:11,  2 users,  load average: 0.93, 0.93, 0.89

ec2-52-42-166-105.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
 17:11:23 up 31 days,  7:26,  2 users,  load average: 0.00, 0.02, 0.05

52.40.224.171 | success | rc=0 >>
 17:10:54 up 20 days, 23:42,  1 user,  load average: 0.08, 0.04, 0.05

Execute uptime against all machines in the db group in the inventories file with the user ubuntu:

**ansible db -i inventories/production_actual -u ubuntu -a "uptime"**
ec2-52-39-100-178.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
 17:11:13 up 36 days,  4:06,  4 users,  load average: 0.90, 0.97, 0.96

You can also use this to do things like check the amount of free disc space on every box.

**ansible all -i inventories/production_actual -u ubuntu -a "df -h"**
ec2-54-68-16-169.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            7.5G   12K  7.5G   1% /dev
tmpfs           1.5G  376K  1.5G   1% /run
/dev/xvda1      7.8G  3.9G  3.5G  53% /
none            4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
none            5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
none            7.5G     0  7.5G   0% /run/shm
none            100M     0  100M   0% /run/user

ec2-52-42-166-105.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            492M   12K  492M   1% /dev
tmpfs           100M  368K   99M   1% /run
/dev/xvda1      7.8G  3.7G  3.7G  51% /
none            4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
none            5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
none            497M     0  497M   0% /run/shm
none            100M     0  100M   0% /run/user

ec2-52-89-105-4.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            7.5G   12K  7.5G   1% /dev
tmpfs           1.5G  376K  1.5G   1% /run
/dev/xvda1       16G  3.9G   11G  27% /
none            4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
none            5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
none            7.5G     0  7.5G   0% /run/shm
none            100M     0  100M   0% /run/user

ec2-52-39-100-178.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success | rc=0 >>
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev             32G   12K   32G   1% /dev
tmpfs           6.3G  400K  6.3G   1% /run
/dev/xvda1      2.0T  1.4T  557G  71% /
none            4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
none            5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
none             32G     0   32G   0% /run/shm
none            100M     0  100M   0% /run/user

52.40.224.171 | success | rc=0 >>
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            3.9G   12K  3.9G   1% /dev
tmpfs           799M  484K  798M   1% /run
/dev/xvda1      7.8G  5.6G  1.9G  76% /
none            4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
none            5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
none            3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /run/shm
none            100M     0  100M   0% /run/user

Ensure that a package is installed; don’t update it if it isn’t

**ansible all -i inventories/production_actual -u ubuntu -m apt -a "name=tree state=present"**
ec2-52-39-100-178.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success >> {
    "changed": false
}

ec2-52-89-105-4.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success >> {
    "changed": false
}

ec2-54-68-16-169.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success >> {
    "changed": false
}

ec2-52-42-166-105.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com | success >> {
    "changed": false
}

52.40.224.171 | success >> {
    "changed": false
}

**ansible all -i inventories/production_actual -u ubuntu --become -m apt -a "name=htop state=present"**

References:

As always thanks to Dv who pushed me off the proverbial Ansible cliff and has supported me all the way down the learning curve.